esxi中的虚拟机安装vmware tools

概述

说实在的这个很简单,我就是记录下,对于windows我就不说了,linux下不管有没有图形界面你都得去使用命令去安装这个东西所以我就介绍一下

操作

首先选中我们的虚拟机,选择操作->客户机操作系统->安装vmware tools

之后ssh进入我们的虚拟机

创建一个挂载点,其实就是创建一个目录

mkdir /cdrom

之后挂载vmware tools的光盘到这个目录

sudo mount /dev/cdrom /cdrom/

这个时候会报一个提示只读的一句话,不用管它,把里面的文件复制出来

mkdir vmware-tools && cp -Rf /cdrom/* vmware-tools

复制完成之后进入里面解压里面那个压缩包

tar -zxvf VMwareTools-10.2.1-8267844.tar.gz

之后执行安装脚本

./vmware-tools-distrib/vmware-install.pl

安装过程差不多就是下面这个样子

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[root@bboysoul-centos vmware-tools]# ./vmware-tools-distrib/vmware-install.pl 
open-vm-tools packages are available from the OS vendor and VMware recommends
using open-vm-tools packages. See http://kb.vmware.com/kb/2073803 for more
information.
Do you still want to proceed with this installation? [no] y

INPUT: [y]

Creating a new VMware Tools installer database using the tar4 format.

Installing VMware Tools.

In which directory do you want to install the binary files?
[/usr/bin]

INPUT: [/usr/bin] default

What is the directory that contains the init directories (rc0.d/ to rc6.d/)?
[/etc/rc.d]

INPUT: [/etc/rc.d] default

What is the directory that contains the init scripts?
[/etc/rc.d/init.d]

INPUT: [/etc/rc.d/init.d] default

In which directory do you want to install the daemon files?
[/usr/sbin]

INPUT: [/usr/sbin] default

In which directory do you want to install the library files?
[/usr/lib/vmware-tools]

INPUT: [/usr/lib/vmware-tools] default

The path "/usr/lib/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This program is
going to create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you want?
[yes]

INPUT: [yes] default

In which directory do you want to install the common agent library files?
[/usr/lib]

INPUT: [/usr/lib] default

In which directory do you want to install the common agent transient files?
[/var/lib]

INPUT: [/var/lib] default

In which directory do you want to install the documentation files?
[/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools]

INPUT: [/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools] default

The path "/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This program
is going to create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you
want? [yes]

INPUT: [yes] default

The installation of VMware Tools 10.2.1 build-8267844 for Linux completed
successfully. You can decide to remove this software from your system at any
time by invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-uninstall-tools.pl".

Before running VMware Tools for the first time, you need to configure it by
invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-config-tools.pl". Do you want
this program to invoke the command for you now? [yes]

INPUT: [yes] default

Initializing...


Making sure services for VMware Tools are stopped.

Stopping vmware-tools (via systemctl): [ OK ]


The module vmci has already been installed on this system by another installer
or package and will not be modified by this installer.

The module vsock has already been installed on this system by another installer
or package and will not be modified by this installer.

The module vmxnet3 has already been installed on this system by another
installer or package and will not be modified by this installer.

The module pvscsi has already been installed on this system by another
installer or package and will not be modified by this installer.

The module vmmemctl has already been installed on this system by another
installer or package and will not be modified by this installer.

The VMware Host-Guest Filesystem allows for shared folders between the host OS
and the guest OS in a Fusion or Workstation virtual environment. Do you wish
to enable this feature? [no]

INPUT: [no] default

The vmxnet driver is no longer supported on kernels 3.3 and greater. Please
upgrade to a newer virtual NIC. (e.g., vmxnet3 or e1000e)

The vmblock enables dragging or copying files between host and guest in a
Fusion or Workstation virtual environment. Do you wish to enable this feature?
[no]

INPUT: [no] default

VMware automatic kernel modules enables automatic building and installation of
VMware kernel modules at boot that are not already present. This feature can
be enabled/disabled by re-running vmware-config-tools.pl.

Would you like to enable VMware automatic kernel modules?
[yes]

INPUT: [yes] default

Do you want to enable Guest Authentication (vgauth)? Enabling vgauth is needed
if you want to enable Common Agent (caf). [yes]

INPUT: [yes] default

Do you want to enable Common Agent (caf)? [no]

INPUT: [no] default

No X install found.

Creating a new initrd boot image for the kernel.
Generating the key and certificate files.
Successfully generated the key and certificate files.
manageSELinux install: The 'semanage' utility was not found.
There was an error configuring the SELinux security context for VMware Tools.
Please make certain that SELinux is configured correctly.

The configuration of VMware Tools 10.2.1 build-8267844 for Linux for this
running kernel completed successfully.

You must restart your X session before any mouse or graphics changes take
effect.

To enable advanced X features (e.g., guest resolution fit, drag and drop, and
file and text copy/paste), you will need to do one (or more) of the following:
1. Manually start /usr/bin/vmware-user
2. Log out and log back into your desktop session
3. Restart your X session.

Enjoy,

--the VMware team

Found VMware Tools CDROM mounted at /cdrom. Ejecting device /dev/sr0 ...

最后还自动把自己的cdrom卸载了,有点厉害

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